money and currency distinction
In our World, today Money and Currency are terms mostly switchable one for the other, but they have two quite distinct meanings and interpretations when viewed through the lens of economic functions.
First, what’s Money…
1] Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts, such as taxes, in a particular country or socio-economic context.
2] Money is an economic unit that serves as a universally accepted means of trade in a transactional economy. Money serves the purpose of lowering transaction costs, specifically the double coincidence of desires.
Money is frequently characterized in terms of its three purposes or services: as a medium of trade, a store of value, and a unit of account.
It is frequently used and accepted in transactions involving the transfer of goods and services from one person to another or between countries. Commodity money, fiat money, and bank money are the three types of money that economists distinguish.
THE TYPES OF MONEY…
1] COMMODITY MONEY
In a sense, a commodity is a real thing. People’s belief in commodity money is based on its fundamental value. Outside of their usage as a medium of commerce, gold, silver, and tobacco all have uses.
So, even if it’s rejected by one store, it’ll be worth a lot somewhere else. This is in stark contrast to fiat money, whose value is based on the nation’s faith in the government.
Commodity money has ‘intrinsic worth’ in economic terms. In other words, it has worth beyond its utility as a medium of exchange. Gold, for example, can be used as a medium of exchange, as well as for jewellery, gilding, and as an insulator. Simply put, it has other applications.
2] FLAT MONEY
People’s belief in fiat money is the only thing that gives it value. Governments establish trust by designating bitcoin as legal tender, allowing all people and companies to accept it as payment. Governments then criminalize all other types of money, thus enhancing trust.
Fiat money, unlike commodity money, has no fundamental value. The government backs it, and central banks generate it. Inflation is more likely under fiat money since supply is unconstrained. When needed, governments and central banks can simply generate more of it.
However, under commodity money, monarchs would simply limit the amount of gold in the coins they issued, thus this was also a common occurrence.
While there is a finite amount of gold or silver in the world, there is no limit to the amount of fiat money. Venezuelan hyperinflation and Zimbabwean hyperinflation are two famous examples. As they continued to issue additional fiat money, the two governments had no checks in place.
3] COMMERCIAL BANK MONEY
Commercial Bank Money consists of the depositors’ book credit that banks extend to them. The use of bank money is involved in transactions involving checks drawn on bank deposits.
Second, what’s Currency…
Currency is a country’s official money. It is made up of both paper money and coins. Each country has its own currency, which is supervised by the country’s central bank. Currency falls within the category of Fiat money, according to the definition of money given above.
The present worth of cash, note, or coin is not always determined by the materials used to create them. Instead, value is formed from the desire to accept and rely on a displayed value in future interactions.
Currency is a widely accepted means of exchange that people and economies around the world plan to keep and accept as payment for current and future transactions.
To put it another way, imagine you hold a 1000Naira note in your palm. The paper in your palm is currency, which will be accepted anywhere in Nigeria but not everywhere in the world in that physical form.
However, the value it conveys, in this case, 1000Naira, is a monetary value that may be used as a medium of exchange and compared to other currencies.